During August - November 2020, the NGO "La Strada-Ukraine" conducted a survey to identify the risks of falling into a situation of human trafficking in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic among subscribers of the National Hotline for the Prevention of Domestic Violence, Human Trafficking and Gender Discrimination.
The survey was aimed at identifying the risks of falling into the situation of human trafficking abroad, the second part - about the risks of falling into the situation of internal human trafficking in the territory of Ukraine. 100 people took part in the survey.
Brief survey results:
Regarding the risks of falling into a situation of human trafficking abroad:
- 70% calls were related to receiving advice before traveling abroad;
- 43% from the total number of calls related to travel abroad;
- 64% persons indicated the purpose of going abroad - employment, of which:
- 50% – they plan to get a job in work specialties;
- 30% – in the field of housework;
- almost 8% - in the service sector;
- almost 4% - in the field of health care.
- 42% subscribers encountered difficulties traveling abroad due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- 75% subscribers indicated that they would not agree to illegal employment;
- 21% of the interviewed persons are ready for informal employment;
- 68% subscribers had no previous experience of working abroad.
The leading countries by destination, where Ukrainian men and women plan to go, are:
- Poland – 23%;
- Germany – 16%;
- Turkey – 14 %;
- Italy – 9%;
- Egypt –5%;
Russia, Greece, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Japan - 3 % each.
Regarding the risks of falling into a situation of internal human trafficking on the territory of Ukraine:
- 47% calls were related to receiving a consultation regarding a likely victim/victim of human trafficking;
- 21% – for the purpose of reporting an alleged human trafficking/recruitment situation;
Respondents reported alleged labor exploitation in 16 regions of Ukraine:
– Kyiv city – about 20%;
– Donetsk region (territory controlled by Ukraine) – 11 %;
– Kyiv, Poltava regions – by 9%;
– Zhytomyr Region – 5%;
– Vinnytsia, Dnipropetrovsk, Luhansk (territory controlled by Ukraine), Kherson oblasts – 3.5 % each;
– Zaporizhzhia, Mykolaiv, Odesa, Sumy regions – by 2%.
- There is a lack of awareness among subscribers regarding the necessity of obtaining a work visa for a legal stay in other countries for a period of more than 90 days, even under the conditions of a visa-free regime for Ukraine in the EU countries;
- Most of the interviewed subscribers had no previous experience of working abroad;
- Most of the persons who had previous employment experience in another country worked officially, but 30% respondents worked illegally.
With the survey presentation, you can get acquainted here.